There are 5 U.S. Territories: American Samoa (AS), Guam (GU), the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands (MP), Puerto Rico (PR), and the U.S. Virgin Islands (VI). However, due to a change in disclosure policy at the U.S. Census Bureau1, IMPLAN will no longer be generating data sets for AS, GU, or MP. Beginning with the 2020 data, IMPLAN will only be generating data sets for PR and VI, the only two Territories for which the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) provides Census of Employment and Wages (CEW) data. The Territory data are available in the online platform only. Because the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) releases its GDP data for the Territories on a staggered schedule, the IMPLAN data for the Territories will also be made available on a staggered basis.
The U.S. Territory data have the same sectoring scheme as the regular U.S.-based data and have all the same capabilities with the exception of multi-regional input-output (MRIO) modeling capability due to the lack of data on the trade of goods and services between the Territories and other geographies, including between the Territories themselves.
HOW TO ACCESS U.S. TERRITORY DATA
First, you will need to access your IMPLAN account and go to the project tab. From the project tile, click New Project in the top right of the screen.
A popup window will appear to create a new project. The Industry Set should be set to the 546 Industries. This Industry Set is specifically for the U.S. Regions and U.S. Territory data.
After the correct Industry Set is selected, enter a project name then click Create Project.
After creating the Project, the Regions screen will appear in the Map View of the U.S. These Regions will not be displayed on the map. To select a U.S. Territory, use the Search Bar or click on the List View.
The current Industry Set for the U.S. Territories contains the 546 Industries and their respective Commodities. The Industries can be grouped into the following categories:
- 1-19 are Agriculture
- 20-38 are Mining, Minerals, and Oil
- 39-49 are Utilities
- 50-62 are Construction
- 63-391 are Manufacturing
- 392-413 are Wholesale and Retail
- 414-421 Transport Related
- 422-525 Services
- 526-534 Government Enterprises
- 535-538 are Commodity-Only Sectors
- 539-546 captures payroll and employment for different types of government
Industries 1-534 are all private industries and government enterprises that have been aggregated by similarity in input purchasing patterns.
The raw data sets for Territories are not nearly as comprehensive or timely compared to the U.S. data. Nor are Territories included in the U.S. NIPA accounts, so there are fewer overall control totals than there are for the U.S. states and counties.
Current BLS CEW data are available for PR and VI and represent the main source of data on wage and salary employment and income. For AS, MP, and GU, we had used the disclosed CBP data to give us employment estimates for detailed sectors. As previously noted, we no longer use the CBP data and thus no longer produce data sets for AS, GU, or MP.
For the farm sectors, we rely on the Census of Agriculture, which covers the 5 Territories. The 5-year Census for outlying areas is published several years after the corresponding Census for the U.S.
Military employment comes from the Department of Defense.
The U.S. Census Bureau provides data on population and household counts for each of the 5 Territories.
The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) provides current Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Gross Domestic Income (GDI) totals and one-year-lagged components of GDI (Employee Compensation, Gross Operating Surplus, and Taxes on Production and Imports Net of Subsidies) for all Territories. The BEA also provides current data on government spending, household spending, private fixed investment, net changes in inventory, and foreign imports and exports for each of the 5 Territories.
Ratios from the latest Territory Economic Census and from the U.S. data are used in various stages to fill in data gaps and project lagged data.
Please note that, due to data limitations, there is only one household income group in the USVI data. Also due to data limitations, for both Puerto Rico and USVI, the tax impact report will not display separate results for State Government vs. Local Government, nor the sub-components of Local Government.
We first calculate U.S. foreign export rates by commodity as a percentage of total U.S. supply of that commodity (including industrial and institutional supply). We then apply those foreign export rates to the Territory’s total supply of each commodity for a first estimate of foreign exports by commodity.
We then compare the sum of the foreign exports of goods and services, respectively, to the target control totals for the total foreign exports of goods and services from the BEA and adjust the export of each commodity upward or downward as needed and as possible given the constraints that 1) exports cannot exceed supply and 2) exports must be at least as large as the difference between gross supply and gross demand, else there would be supply that is not used.
- Our total supply and demand estimates set limits on gross imports and exports. Meanwhile, the value-added data (EC, PI, OPI, and TOPI) must equal the BEA GDP control value. Therefore, since the study area data have a GDP control and supply and demand estimates (derived from estimates of industry output, the industry byproducts matrix, the industry absorption matrix, final demand, and institutional sales), the study area data entirely determine what net exports must be. Since all the other GDP controls (for final demands and institutional sales) match what's in the BEA GDP controls, the trade process yields total net trade (across all commodities) that is equal to the net trade value from BEA.
- In other words, while our sum of goods exports and services exports may not perfectly match their BEA control values, our value for net trade will match the BEA control total for net trade.
Once we know gross supply by commodity (derived from estimates of industry output, the industry byproducts matrix, and institutional sales) and foreign exports by commodity (described above), we can calculate net supply of each commodity as gross supply less foreign exports. We can then calculate foreign imports as gross demand (derived from estimates of industry output, the industry absorption matrix, and final demand) less net supply.
Currently, IMPLAN does not have any inter-country trade flows available for the U.S. Territories. There is a total foreign trade estimate used to determine the availability of any Commodity in each Territory, but we do not have data on the trade between the Territories and other geographies, including between the Territories themselves. Due to this, the Multi-Regional Input-Output Analysis (MRIO) is not available for the U.S. Territory Data.
1 The Census Bureau has adopted a new policy under which they no longer provide establishment counts for cases in which the establishment count is less than three, as the number of establishments is now considered sensitive. This new decision to omit from their tables all records with fewer than three establishments was a new policy that was set in place to protect the confidentiality of businesses.
This new practice makes a missing record of 1-2 establishments (an existing industry) indistinguishable from a missing record of zero establishments (a non-existent industry). The omission of records with less than three establishments, in addition to making it impossible to estimate their employment and income values, also makes it impossible for us to obtain high quality estimates for the non-disclosed records with three or more establishments, since we are not able to roll up across NAICS levels without having values for sibling sectors.
Written August 30, 2023